Limited availability of farmer preferred improved variety quality seed has been a major impediment in increasing rice (Oryza sativa L.) productivity in mid plain zone of Uttar Pradesh, India. The poor farmers are also not able to afford the seed cost when purchased from market. Keeping these factors in view “Informal Seed Systems” project implemented by Rajiv Gandhi Mahila Vikas Pariyojna, under the tutelage of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, USA, efforts were made to create awareness on the use of preferred variety quality seed and its impact in increasing the productivity per unit area. With this aim, the present study was undertaken at representative locations in which a group of varieties according to the planting situations viz., low rainfall (5), high rainfall (6) and salinity affected areas (4) were evaluated through participatory varietal trials in pilot phase during monsoon season of 2016-17.

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